Wilde's "The Fisherman and his Soul" parallels and counterpoints Andersen's "The Shadow." The main example is the parallel between the fisherman and the learned man. Both are innocent, both are able to separate a part of themselves and send it off into the world, and both learn about evil from the separated part of themselves. However, whereas the Shadow finally kills the learned man, the soul manages to reunite with the fisherman in love. The mermaid and the slender girl, Poetry, are also counterpointed, and there are many parallels and counterpoints between the soul and the Shadow. Wilde's tale is a Christian counterpoint and response to Andersen's nihilistic vision in "The Shadow."
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