This essay argues against the historical and persistent willingness to read Mark Twain's Pudd'nhead Wilson and Those Extraordinary Twins (1893) as fully or successfully separated texts, insisting instead that the apparent division of the text reiterates and mirrors the thematic concern with division, doubleness, and duplicity that runs through both parts of the composite novel. The paper examines the textual elements that frequently lead critics to read the texts as separate and argues that narrative assertions of separability are extremely unreliable. In addition, it demonstrates that the novel's treatment of race slavery and segregation is more effective if Pudd'nhead and Twins are read as parts of an essential whole. It further asserts that the perception of textual flaws in Pudd'nhead stems largely from critics reading it apart from Twins, and that many of the problems with the text disappear when the two parts of the novel are reconnected.
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